Goats

The latest BHF-funded experiments we have uncovered involved a team of researchers at Oxford University of whom one of the leaders was Svetlana Reilly. The cruel experiments, which involved 77 mice and 36 goats1, were designed to investigate atrial fibrillation (abnormal heartbeat). In humans, his is caused by factors such as high blood pressure, obesity, and diabetes, which are in turn caused predominantly by poor lifestyle choices.

In Reilly's experiments, goats' hearts were cut open and a pacemaker fitted by stitching 20 electrodes and a pair of piezoelectric crystals to the walls of their blood chambers, and a transducer inserted through a vein. "Burst pacing" was induced in some goats - as the name suggests these are rapid electrical pulses to make the heart beat faster than it otherwise would. This was either done for two weeks or six months. The luckier ones were just fitted with a pacemaker and used as a reference point. These were still killed, of course.

Mice, some of which were genetically modified, had electrodes inserted through their nose and into their oesophagus. More electrodes were implanted under their skin in order to monitor their heart beat. Again, burst pacing was used, to see if it would induce atrial fibrillation.

This is the latest in a long line of vile goat experiments overseen by the bloodthirsty Reilly: in 2011 she headed up a project which killed 48 goats2 - again, funded by BHF. More recently, in 2014 she was part of an international research team that was responsible for the death of 18 goats at Maastricht University3 - a place notorious for evil animal experiments and that we have featured on our leaflets and website previously.



Another experiment involved serial vivisector Nicholas Peters, currently working at Imperial College in London. Amongst other vile experiments, he is responsible for one which involved 28 goats having pacemakers implanted for 84 days in total4. This would have been extremely stressful and painful for the goats.

1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4993239/

2. http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/124/10/1107.long

3. http://circep.ahajournals.org/content/8/2/466.long

4. Hall MC, Kirubakaran S, Choudhury R et al (2010). Effects of angiotensin receptor blockade on atrial electrical remodelling and the 'second factor' in a goat burst-­paced model of atrial fibrillation. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2010 Dec;11(4):222-­‐33